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Role of IoT in Electric Vehicle Management

Role of IoT in Electric Vehicle Management
29/12/2022 57

Electric vehicles are on the rise, and there is no doubt they are the future of the automobile industry. But this is on the hardware or mechanical side. When considering the software side, many disruptive technologies will help companies make electric vehicles more efficient and productive. For example, a personal car assistant based on an algorithm for artificial intelligence will help you drive on dark roads or unknown places by taking references from the GPS map.

But one technology that has proven to be the present and future of the automobile industry is the Internet of Things, known as IoT. Considering the growing trend in the industry, i.e., electric vehicles, the IoT has proven excellent in electric vehicle monitoring, whether in telematics management or battery status management. Since this specific technology has proven helpful for electric vehicle management, it's time to learn more about IoT.

Here we will discuss the benefits of implementing the Internet of Things and the challenges the automobile industry can face. For more clarity, we also talked about the future of the Internet of Things in terms of electric cars.

Benefits of IoT in Monitoring and Management

Before we learn more about the benefits of IoT in electric vehicle management and monitoring, you must first understand what IoT is and how it can be implemented in electric vehicles. IoT, which stands for "Internet of Things," is a way to connect many devices to the same Internet network. Generally, IoT developers consider computers, laptops, servers, data centers, and so on as physical devices connected over the Internet to form the IoT network. But since we are talking about vehicles, the implementation of IoT will be slightly different.

Here, IoT will connect smart electric vehicles and assist in seamless data transfer from one vehicle to another. Therefore, if an electric vehicle with IoT software integrated into the IoT system is driving on one side of the road, the driver can easily retrieve records to see if another smart car with an ID device is approaching on the other side or not.

Before moving further, let's take a look at the benefits of IoT and how IoT can prove to be a boon for the automobile industry, especially electric vehicles, helping businesses to monitor and manage them.

1. Battery Management System

The heart of the electric vehicle is its battery. If the battery is not working, has a low charge, or is dead, it won't be possible for the driver to start the engine, let alone drive a couple of miles. Now, it's practically impossible for any person to keep a constant check on battery life and performance. Besides, companies dealing with a fleet of electric vehicles also need help ensuring that each car's batteries are performing at optimal levels.

For this reason, one can suffer a lot, significantly, if the charge suddenly plummets down to zero and there is a dead battery. Even though jumper starts can help kick-start the battery and the engine, repeating the process multiple times can lower the overall lifetime of the battery. As a result, the electric vehicle will only last for a short time, even though the battery used in the vehicles is of the best quality. That's why automobile industries have become more inclined towards the implementation of IoT in electric vehicles with the sole purpose of battery management.

The software for the battery management system will use IoT technology to ensure drivers understand the current conditions of the batteries and maintain them accordingly. For example, the battery management software will help monitor the charging and discharging cycles to prevent dead batteries, sudden spikes in the charges, low battery conditions, and so on. It will also assess the battery's temperature to ensure the current temperature stays within the threshold value, prolonging its life.

2. Safe Driving

Road accidents have significantly increased in the past few years due to rash driving, lack of alarms, blind turns and twists on roots, etc. Sometimes, accidents are also a result of any malfunctioning part in the car's period, since electric vehicles are new in the market. People need to gain complete knowledge about the technologies being used under the hood, especially the engine performance, battery, throttle, etc. it can be pretty tricky to check the problem.

Taking the car to regular maintenance is costly and can reduce the popularity of electric vehicles with time. Moreover, IoT Experts also have to consider the safety of drivers on the road when they are traveling in electric vehicles. Therefore, implementing a system that can either trigger alarms for an impending accident or alert the drivers about any car approaching from either side at its relevant speed.

So far, no such technology has been there that can perform to this level and sense whatever the situation is in the surroundings while alerting the drivers simultaneously. However, the implementation of IoT can help solve these issues quickly. Since multiple cars will be connected over the same network, the algorithm for IoT will extract datasets from the network and study them to understand whether any car is approaching the concerned electric vehicle or not.

Suppose another car is approaching from the other side with the front lamps off. In that case, the program will immediately alert the driver, and he can change the course or stop the car immediately to prevent accidents. Similarly, if there is an obstacle lying ahead and there is no way a driver can know about it, the IoT system will sense it and immediately notify the driver to either change the course or stop the car. With IoT in electric vehicles, accidents on the road can be cut down, and people can drive with the most safety and security possible.


Also read - How are Connected Vehicles using Cloud Technology to Make Driving Safe and Enjoyable


3. Crash Detection

Whether you want to take a reverse turn or enter a parking lot that is already crowded, the chances of crashing into something are pretty high. Although cars and vehicles come with a rear camera, a front alert system, an IoT monitoring system, and so on, they are not usually efficient if we consider the obstacle to be located at a far-off instance. Most times, even after getting the alert, drivers fail to stop the car on time or change the course of their driving to remain safe. As a result, they collide with another vehicle or something else, which can risk the lives of people in the car when the collision is of high intensity.

That is where the implementation of IoT comes into play. It will sense any obstacle within a particular car's parameter and alert the driver about the same. For example, the device will figure out the angle and speed of the vehicle's movement to see if either of them changes quickly. If yes, it will notify the driver about an impending crash that might lead to severe accidents.

4. Theft Proof

Another advantage of incorporating IoT devices in electric vehicles is that they can aid in the prevention of theft. The cost of electric vehicles is much higher than that of regular ones. The main reason for this is that the battery in electric cars is more advanced and can power the whole car. According to estimates, the battery cost is 40% of the total vehicle cost. Therefore, it is more valuable than any other car part and also more susceptible to theft and burglaries. Several reports have already been launched in multiple countries about people stealing the batteries of electric vehicles because of the high cost.

If an IoT device were implemented in the car, it would have sent a notification to the user or the driver immediately about any changes in the battery system. Furthermore, the device will assist people in tracking down the battery wherever it goes, ensuring that the number of cases of theft and robbery of electric vehicle car batteries decreases over time.

5. Predictive Maintenance System

Another area where IoT devices can turn out to be extremely helpful for electric vehicles is in predicting the maintenance system. Like any other automobile, electric vehicles will also need regular maintenance for the battery parts, engine parts, throttle, wheels, tires, etc. The car owner or the driver can't know when the vehicle needs maintenance until and unless there is any sign or damage in the car. When there is damage or malfunction, the money needed to repair or replace any damaged car part in the electric vehicle is relatively high. The best option is to use a predictive analysis algorithm to extract data from all car parts and monitor them.

The IoT networks will perform the exact same function, as they can extract data sets from different parts of the car, monitor them, and then alert the driver or the car owner about the need for maintenance. With more efficiency and specific algorithm sets, the IoT devices can even let drivers know which part of the car is malfunctioning and needs urgent repair or replacement. The device will work on a predictive analytical method where it will pull out past datasets and put analysis on them to understand how the car parts are used to perform. Based on the comparative results, it will predict what kind of problems you might face due to the lack of maintenance and proper care. This way, you can keep the electric vehicle safe and functional for a long time without hassle.

6. Real-time Car Health Monitoring

When IoT is coupled with artificial intelligence, it can help monitor the car's health and display the results in real-time. It means that the device will list all the options for the battery temperature, battery charge and discharge cycles, throttle, acceleration, wheel and tire pressure, and so on. It will automatically act as a doctor who monitors the car's vitals and lets the driver know about the current condition.

So, if there is any problem with the electric vehicle, you will be able to know through the IoT device and take the necessary actions for the same. This way, you can also make the electric vehicle last longer and make sure that safety on the road isn't affected in any way.

Challenges of IoT in Electric Vehicle Management

Although there are numerous advantages to incorporating IoT devices into electric vehicles, there are also several challenges. Apart from understanding the benefits of telematics technology for the automobile industry, you must also understand the challenges you may face once you buy an electric vehicle embedded with an IoT device. For further clarification, we have listed some challenges one can face with an electric vehicle integrated with an IoT device.

1. Constant Internet Connectivity

To ensure the IoT device is working correctly, your car must constantly be connected to the Internet. When you are in the city or at your home, there won't be any problem with the Internet connection. But when you go to remote areas, getting a high level of Internet connectivity is next to impossible. As a result, the device won't be able to let you know about anything, whether it is the current health of the battery or the prediction of an accident ahead on the road.

2. Costing

Implementation of IoT devices in electric vehicles is a costly affair. The cost of the vehicle itself is so high that only a few companies have rolled out EVs. On top of this, if IoT devices are implemented in vehicles, the price will skyrocket. As a result, the demand for such automobiles will automatically decrease, resulting in enormous losses for the companies. Therefore, once the automobile industry can figure out how to implement the IoT device without impacting the overall vehicle cost too much, there will be difficulties in rolling out such kind of technology in the future.

Weighing The Benefits and Challenges

The Internet of Things (IoT) is a popular topic in the industry, and IoT has several benefits and challenges in electrical vehicle monitoring and management.

The benefits of IoT monitoring systems and management are numerous. First, the technology facilitates efficient communication between vehicles and other players in the system. It also allows for efficient data collection, improving efficiency across many sectors, including power generation and distribution.

However, implementing this technology presents several challenges as well. Some challenges include data privacy concerns, data collection, storage, analysis, and security. For the system to work correctly, it needs access to the data from sensors installed on vehicles. This can be done using cloud computing technologies, wherein all the collected data is stored securely and accessible remotely. In addition, IoT will allow for real-time auto monitoring of electric cars, which will help increase efficiency across all stages: manufacturing, sales, and service.

How To Improve The Efficiency of IoT Systems in EV's?

In the internet of things world, it's not just about getting products to work together. It's about ensuring all those products are working together efficiently. The right IoT systems can make your business run smoother and more efficiently than ever—but if you don't get it right, you're going to waste money, time, and energy. Here are some tips for improving efficiency in your IoT system:

1. Make sure that all of your devices are being used properly. Find out why a device isn't used as much as it should be. Is it not being used because there's a better option available? Or is it simply because no one knows how to use the device? Either way, ensure everyone involved understands how to properly use each piece of equipment to get the most out of it.

2. Make sure your devices communicate with one another quickly and effectively. If there's any lag between when one device sends data over to another device and when that second device receives that data and processes it accordingly, then you're wasting time and energy on processing power that could have been better spent elsewhere—like on other projects!

3. Implement a centralized control system for all vehicle sensors, actuators, and controllers. This will reduce communication overhead and improve system performance.

4. Improve the energy efficiency of sensor nodes by using low-power processors and optimizing their power consumption using various techniques like duty cycling, sleep mode, etc. And we can also use big data and machine learning to improve the efficiency of IoT in Electric vehicles (EVs).

Big data is a large volume of data that has been collected and stored, which can be processed to extract patterns, trends, and relationships. Machine learning is a form of artificial intelligence that uses algorithms to learn from data.

With big data and machine learning, we can use sensors to collect data about our vehicles' performance. We can then use this information to detect patterns and improve our vehicles' efficiency over time.

How Can The Security Challenges of IoT Be Overcome?

Security challenges are one of the biggest concerns with IoT. The internet of things refers to a collection of devices connected to the internet, and many of these devices have been compromised by hackers, who can use them to attack networks and steal data.

The security challenges of IoT can be overcome by using a combination of software and hardware and cyber-security controls based on the device's end-use.

Software-based security solutions include encryption, key management, and authentication. Authentication is the process of confirming the identity of a user or device. The user or device must prove their identity to access the system, which can be done through passwords, fingerprint scanners, facial recognition software, or other methods. These approaches effectively prevent eavesdropping and tampering with data packets in transit.

Hardware-based security solutions include tamper-resistance mechanisms such as encrypted memory contents and cryptographic authentication schemes. These approaches prevent unauthorized physical access to a device's internal components.

Cyber-security controls that are based on the device's end-use include:

  • Integrity checks whether a program has been modified after it was installed or downloaded onto a system.
  • Authenticity checks verify whether an application or file is genuine.
  • Authorization checks require users to log in before accessing certain functions within an application or device.

These custom IoT solutions effectively prevent unauthorized access to sensitive data or functionality within a system.

The Connection Between AI and IoT systems in EV

The connection between AI and IoT systems in EVs is crucial. It allows the systems to understand their environment better and make decisions accordingly. The amount of data collected by these systems can be used to train AI algorithms, improving their performance over time.

The integration of AI and IoT systems is essential for the development of Electric Vehicles (EVs). The critical elements of this integration are:

  • Sensors that collect data in real-time.
  • Communication networks that provide connectivity between devices and cloud computing platforms.
  • Software applications that automate various processes.

The study indicates that AI can help reduce accidents by providing predictive capabilities to predict what a driver will do next. These predictions are based on data collected through previous driving experiences and learned patterns.

Meanwhile, IoT system management in cars can also collect data from various sources, including sensors, cameras, and other devices installed in vehicles. This information is then used to improve the performance of an autonomous vehicle's driving system by allowing it to learn how humans react when they're behind the wheel. Or when they're riding as passengers in another vehicle, such as a taxi cab or Uber ride-share service vehicle that uses machine learning algorithms.

The High Cost of Implementation of IoT Might Surpass the Benefits

Implementing the Internet of Things (IoT) is a multibillion dollar endeavor. The potential benefits to businesses are enormous, but the high cost of implementation may outweigh the benefits.

Businesses are spending more money than ever before on IoT technology, and some companies have seen it as a way to boost profits by about 35%. However, other companies have found that implementing IoT technology takes more time than expected and costs more than was budgeted.

A company's ability to implement an IoT system successfully depends on its ability to create a plan that includes all aspects of the project from beginning to end. This includes identifying what exactly needs to be done, how much time it will take, who will be responsible for various tasks, and how much each task will cost. Once this information is gathered, it can be used to create an accurate budget estimate so that there are no surprises later down the line when it comes time to pay up!

Continuous Improvement Will Require A Strong and Scalable IoT Infrastructure

Improving processes, products, and services continuously is key to competitiveness in today's global marketplace. This is especially true as new technologies can help organizations achieve greater efficiency and effectiveness. To realize the full potential of these technologies, however, they must be able to connect with other systems to collect data, analyze it and act based on what they learn.

That is where IoT comes into play: by providing a way for organizations to connect their different systems so that all of their information can be shared seamlessly. It enables them to take advantage of these new technologies without having to build or maintain separate infrastructures for each one individually.

Instead, they can focus on implementing just one network that connects everything, thus allowing them more time for other essential tasks, such as improving efficiency or reducing costs through better management practices.

Future Scope of IoT in Electric Vehicles

The future of Internet of Things (IoT) in electric vehicles is huge. The IoT will help design electric vehicles that are more efficient, safer, and smart. The connected cars with IoT can also help make the roads much safer by providing real-time information about the road conditions to the drivers.

Overall, an IoT product development company appears to have a highly promising future in the automotive and electric vehicle industries.

1. Autopilot Mode

Autopilot mode is a feature that lets you set a route for your vehicle and then let the car take over for you. You can use this feature to drive for hours without worrying about paying attention to the road or driving in unfamiliar areas.

It's important to note that autopilot mode is not intended as a substitute for driver attention. The system will not detect every condition it may encounter, so drivers must pay attention while using this feature.

When you turn on autopilot mode, you can set up a series of processes and let the system run independently. Users can also take over at any time if they want to make changes or check on progress. The system will do its best to complete tasks using the most efficient methods possible, but if it runs into trouble, it will alert you immediately so that you can handle it yourself.

2. Improved Communication Between EV

The future scope of IoT in electric vehicles will be improved communication between EVs. With the implementation of IoT, EV owners can easily access their vehicle data and use it to improve the performance of their EVs. The main goal is to provide better customer satisfaction and save both manufacturers and users time and money.

For example, you can set your car to charge when you arrive home or when the weather is most conducive for charging. This allows for better management of electric vehicle charging times and electricity usage.

With a better understanding of how traffic flows and how much battery power is available in different parts of the city, electric vehicles will be able to communicate with each other to organize themselves into “packs” that can travel together. IoT Development Company will help reduce congestion and pollution while increasing safety for drivers, and will also help with safety.

3. On the go Route Optimization

The future of IoT in electric vehicles will be focused on on-the-go route optimization. In the future, IoT will allow electric vehicle owners to optimize their routes in real-time using their smartphones or another device. This will help them maximize the efficiency of their vehicle and save money on gas.

The current state of the art for route optimization uses the current traffic conditions and then re-optimizes based on several factors, such as weather, road closures, and traffic accidents. However, these systems do not provide real-time information about traffic conditions. Instead, they rely on historical data to make predictions about what a given day's traffic might look like. This means that drivers are forced to wait until they get into their cars before they can find out whether their commute will take longer than usual or if there is some other sort of delay that will make them late for work or an appointment.

4. Car Parking Systems With IoT

One of the most exciting potential applications for IoT in electric vehicles is car parking systems. Imagine being able to pull up to a parking space, get out of your car, and have it park itself! You could just walk away, knowing that your car would be waiting for you when you return.

IoT will be used to park cars in the future. The parking system will be connected to the internet and will use sensors to detect the car's presence, and also have a GPS. The car can be parked in any desired location, and the person who is parking it can remotely access the car through an application or website. This application or website will allow them to see where the car is parked, how much time has elapsed since it was placed there, and whether any damage has been done to it.

IoT application development will allow for increased efficiency in the parking industry and a reduction in accidents related to vehicles backing out of spaces or otherwise colliding with other vehicles.

5. Entertainment in Connected Cars

The future of the Internet of Things in electric vehicles is filled with entertainment. The ability to connect your car to the internet opens up a whole new world of possibilities for how you can interact with your vehicle. For example, as cars become more connected, they can communicate with each other and share data about traffic patterns and accidents. This could create a system where cars know to adjust their speeds based on current traffic conditions, reducing emissions and fuel efficiency by reducing congestion.

Another way that connected cars will make our lives easier is through entertainment options. For example, instead of having an MP3 player and CD player on your dashboard, you could have an integrated system that allows you to play music from any online source—such as Spotify or YouTube—using only voice commands. This would allow drivers to stay focused on the road while still being entertained by their favorite music or podcasts.

In the end

IoT-enabled electric vehicles are entering the market that can be charged and monitored from any location. This is the ultimate smart car integration into the IoT battlefield. In our view, the IoT opportunity is immense in this area, as most electric vehicle components are already connected, such as charging stations and sensors. Thus, it would be easy to integrate vehicle hardware into the IoT ecosystem.

As technology scales up, the adoption rate of IoT-enabled electric vehicles will increase considerably. However, IoT app development has yet to be widely embraced by the EV sector owing to its technological complexity and expensive cost. The whole life cycle of such vehicles will be transformed with this innovation. The Internet of Things is progressing rapidly, and vast amounts of work have already been done to develop solutions regarding electric vehicles. The reasons to get involved in this field are numerous, but many of them come down to the fact that it will be a multi-billion dollar industry.

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